Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2019 , Vol 25 , Issue 2
The Effects of Different Organic Acid Treatments on Some Microflora and Pathogen Listeria monocytogenes of White Brine Cheese
1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Balikesir, TR-10100 Balikesir - TURKEY
2Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences University of İzmir Demokrasi, TR-35100 İzmir - TURKEY
3Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary, University of Balikesir, TR-10100 Balikesir - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2018.20661 The aim of this study was to determine the supplementation of 1% tartaric, malic, ascorbic, fumaric, lactic, acetic and succinic acids in brine on the pH, physical and sensory properties of cheese during storage. In addition, the effect of these organic acids on growth of lactic acid bacteria, yeast/mold and possible inhibitive effect on Listeria monocytogenes in brine were investigated. For this purpose, these organic acids were added to 12% brine and stored at +4°C. Physical and sensory properties of cheese were defined and scored by panelists during 1st, 7th, 14th, 21st, 28th, 35th, 42th days. Cheeses ripened in tartaric, malic, fumaric, and lactic acid supplemented brine were scored as the highest points by panelists. Lactobacillus, Lactococcus counts significantly decreased in brine samples added with fumaric, lactic and malic acid during cheese ripening process. The highest antimicrobial activity of the organic acids was found against L. monocytogenes. It was also found that there was a significant decrease in L. monocytogenes counts in malic acid and tartaric acid groups as 2.91 log10 CFU/g and 2.95 log10 CFU/g, respectively. As a result; the supplementation of 1% tartaric acid and malic acid to the classically produced cheese brine were found effective on controlling L. monocytogenes which is a significant threat for public health. In addition, it was concluded that tartaric acid can be used commercially in the production of cheese due to its low inhibition effect on lactic acid bacteria, and non-destructive effect on the physical structure of the cheese. Keywords : Antimicrobial activity, L. monocytogenes, Organic acid, White cheese